Sunny side of the Alps clouding up: Slovenia in the grips of a right-wing tornado

7 April by Ana Podvršič , Jaša Veselinovič


Bicycle revolt against current government in Slovenia (CC - Flickr : BockoPix - https://bit.ly/2Or7oaU)

After less than a year since the start of the epidemic, Slovenia barely resembles a country that, for a long time, has been seen as a social-democratic outliner in the region. The outbreak of the epidemic coincided with a major political change bringing a far-right Slovenian Democratic Party (Slovenska demokratska stranka - SDS) and its leader Janez Janša in power. From the very beginning, the SDS coalition has been advancing its project of the radical restructuring of the Slovenian state, economy and civil society, to further the liberties of the capital.

The so-called “anti-Corona packages” (ACP), encompassing programs of measures formally seeking to attenuate economic and social crisis related to the epidemic, have been the main vehicle of right-wing government’s attack on social standards and formal democratic policy-making. Some of the most blatant examples were the exclusion of environmental NGOs from construction permit procedures and the obligation for the unemployed to take on the first job on offer, regardless of qualifications. Concealing such measures in ACPs elicited bouts of popular revolt and weekly protests that started at the end of last April and soon evolved into mass protesting on bicycles. Not even the summer and a partial lifting of the restrictions halted these protests, where environmentalists, cultural workers and activists from alternative social centers Rog and Metelkova were demanding the respect of environmental standards and independent media and civil society, restoration of the rule of law and the government’s resignation.

As the “cycling protests” grew, they were met with counter-protests of government supporters with prominent participation of neo-Nazi groups. There were also some protests of “corona-sceptics”, a motley crew of conspiracy theorists somewhat similar to the querdenken movement in Germany. With the exception of one 500 people strong protest in November, they did not receive popular support and subsided quickly.

At the beginning of February this year, the protest dynamics reached new dimensions, with so-called “protest of the parents”. After nearly four months of “distance learning” – the most prolonged period of school closures in Europe – the government’s decision to open and then almost immediately close the schools was one measure too many for parents. With protests spontaneously spreading throughout the country and with high-school teachers and students joining, the government backed off and decided to open all primary schools.

The government’s main reaction to the varied contestations was the reinforcement of repressive apparatus and disciplinary techniques. Already during the first lockdown, the police were handing out fines for absurd traffic violations and routinely requiring protesters’ identification, following it up with more fines. Physical violence became an important aspect of the repression as the police is no longer reluctant to use pepper spray at any occasion.

In fact, the epidemic was used as a cover to increase institutional repression through ACP. The police’s jurisdiction and powers related to public gathering were expanded; fines for individuals organizing public gatherings were increased to astronomic levels, ranging from 1200€ to 12.000€. Finally, under the new rules, outside gatherings of up to ten people are allowed only if the participants do not have the intention of “expressing an opinion” – if they do, they are to be punished.

Speaking of the reinforcement of public repression, the destruction of Rog, Ljubljana’s prominent social center with left-oriented and independent political, social care and cultural activities, by the formally center-left leaning mayor of Ljubljana, Zoran Jankovič, is worth mentioning. With no prior announcement or legal justification this former CEO of Slovene biggest supermarket chain sent one cold January early morning a contingent of anti-riot police flanked by a private security firm full of nazi sympathisers to raze the Rog buildings to the ground. Rog has been for a long time the obstacle to the mayor’s profit Profit The positive gain yielded from a company’s activity. Net profit is profit after tax. Distributable profit is the part of the net profit which can be distributed to the shareholders. -oriented plans to transform the space into a “Contemporary Arts Center.” Soon after Rog was demolished, a highly symbolic disciplinary intervention took place at Metelkova, Ljubljana’s biggest squat and social center featuring in Lonely Planet’s tourist guides. Offering no explanation, tens of riot police in full gear took the opportunity of the National day of Culture to march through Metelkova and bang on the doors of bars and autonomous spaces that have been inactive for months. After one year of pandemic, seeing robocops on the streets of Ljubljana, known for being a green and family-friendly tourist boutique town, is now becoming as ordinary as seeing people wearing masks.

The current government, whose leader is a fervent supporter of Trump and Orbán, has without doubt a strong ambition for the (SDS-) party appropriation of the Slovenian state. Yet, its policies have also opened a window of opportunity for other authorities interested in dismantling and demobilizing left social actions. When it comes to attacking alternative political movements and culture, Janša’s government, the police, and pro-capital-oriented local authorities seem eager to join forces and speed up the anti-democratic and anti-social tornado. In the context of the largely impotent parliamentary opposition of neoliberal center parties, to which the Left has aligned itself, the government faces few obstacles on the path of making the most out of the pandemic-induced state of emergency and establishing SDS-Party State.




Originally published as: Ana Podvršič and Jaša Veselinović, “Unwetter im Süden: Slowenien im rechtsextremen Tornado”, mosaik, 25 March 2021, accessible at: https://mosaik-blog.at/slowenien-jasa-corona-rechtsextremismus/#.

Ana Podvršič

Postdoctoral Researcher

Jaša Veselinovič

In the Fall he will begin his PhD in Political Science at the Berlin Graduate School for Global and Transregional Studies

CADTM

COMMITTEE FOR THE ABOLITION OF ILLEGITIMATE DEBT

35 rue Fabry
4000 - Liège- Belgique

00324 226 62 85
info@cadtm.org

cadtm.org